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Asia Pacific Diabetes and Endocrinology Congress , will be organized around the theme “Reconnoitering the Challenges Concerning Endocrinology and Diabetes Research”
Endocrinology 2019 is comprised of keynote and speakers sessions on latest cutting edge research designed to offer comprehensive global discussions that address current issues in Endocrinology 2019
Submit your abstract to any of the mentioned tracks.
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Endocrinology is a branch of biology which deals with the endocrine system, its diseases, and its specific secretions known as hormones. It is also concerned with proliferation, growth, differentiation, behavioral activities of metabolism, growth and development, tissue function, sleep, digestion, respiration, excretion, mood, stress, lactation, movement, reproduction, and sensory perception caused by hormones.
Diabetes is described as a group of metabolic diseases in which the person has high blood glucose (blood sugar), either because insulin production is inadequate, or because the body's cells do not respond properly to insulin, or both. Patients with high blood sugar will typically experience polyuria (frequent urination), they will become increasingly thirsty (polydipsia) and hungry (polyphagia).
- Track 1-1Hypothalamic disorders
- Track 1-2Pituitary diseases
- Track 1-3Parathyroid abnormalities
- Track 1-4Thyroid diseases
- Track 1-5Adrenal cortex dysfunction
- Track 1-6Gonadal disease
- Track 1-7Pancreatic endocrine disease
- Track 1-8Bone and Lipid metabolism
- Track 1-9Type 1 and Type 2 Diabetes
The endocrine system is a network of glands that produce and release hormones directly into blood which help in controlling many important body functions. The endocrine system influences heartbeat, growth of bones and tissue, even the ability to make a baby. It plays a role on development of diabetes, thyroid disease, growth disorders, sexual dysfunction, and a host of other hormone-related disorders.
Endocrine Disorders are typically grouped into two categories:
Disease that results when a gland produces too much or too little of hormone, called a hormone imbalance.
Disease due to the development of tumors in the endocrine system, which may or may not affect hormone levels.
- Track 2-1Autoimmune polyendocrine syndrome
- Track 2-2Multiple endocrine neoplasia
- Track 2-3Pheochromocytoma
- Track 2-4Parathyroid disease
- Track 2-5Neuroendocrine tumor
- Track 2-6Hypercalcaemia
- Track 2-7Primary aldosteronism
- Track 2-8Primary hyperparathyroidism
- Track 2-9Thyrotoxicosis
Reproductive endocrinology is a branch of medicine that identifies and treats infertility in both men and women. It is a sub-specialty of Obstetrics and Gynecology. The hormonal functioning as it indirectly relate to reproduction. Evaluation and treatment of hormonal dysfunctions in females and males outside infertility is done. Reproductive endocrinologists have special training in obstetrics and gynaecology before they undergo sub-specialty training in Reproductive endocrinology and infertility.
- Track 3-1Polycystic ovarian syndrome (PCOS)
- Track 3-2Endometriosis
- Track 3-3Hypothalamic pituitary dysfunction
- Track 3-4Tubal factor infertility
- Track 3-5Male factor infertility
- Track 3-6In vitro fertilization (IVF)
- Track 3-7Fertility preservation
- Track 3-8Congenital uterine anomalies
Molecular and Cellular endocrinology is the field of study that majorly focuses on all aspects related to the biochemical and genetic effects, secretions and synthesis of extracellular signals (hormones, neurotransmitters, etc.) and to the understanding of cellular regulatory mechanisms involved in hormonal control.
Cellular Endocrinology deals with all the related aspects of biochemical mechanisms, synthesis and production of extracellular signal transductions, and the other mechanism in the hormonal control. This study also includes hormone regulated gene expression, structures and physiochemical properties of hormones, generation, action and role of intracellular signals such as cyclic nucleotides and calcium etc.
Endocrine cancer is cancer that begins in any of the endocrine glands. The most common type of endocrine cancer is thyroid cancer, which begins in the thyroid gland. Endocrine cancer is a complex disease which is not defined by defined by location or stage. Cancer in each patient is different, behaving differently in the bodies
There are also some types of pancreatic cancers that are classified as endocrine tumours. Some tumours that grow in an endocrine gland are not cancerous (benign). For example, most pituitary tumours are benign. However, benign tumours are often treated in the same way as cancerous tumours are treated.
- Track 5-1Prostate Cancer and Endocrinology
- Track 5-2Osteoporosis and Bone Health
- Track 5-3Gastrointestinal Carcinoid Tumours
- Track 5-4Neuroendocrine Cancer
- Track 5-5Parathyroid Cancer
- Track 5-6Pituitary Tumour
- Track 5-7Thyroid Cancer
Paediatric endocrinology deals with disorders of the endocrine glands, such as variations in sexual development, physical growth, diabetes in childhood. It includes patients from infancy to late adolescence and young adulthood.
The most common disease of the specialty is type 1 diabetes, which accounts for at least 50% of clinical practice. The next problem is growth disorders, especially those which involve growth hormone treatment. Pediatric endocrinologists are usually the primary physicians involved in the medical care of infants and children with intersex disorders. The specialty also deals with hypoglycemia and other forms of hyperglycemia in childhood, variations of puberty, as well other adrenal, thyroid, and pituitary problems. Many pediatric endocrinologists have interests and expertise in bone metabolism, lipid metabolism, adolescent gynecology, or inborn errors of metabolism.
- Track 6-1Type 1 Diabetes
- Track 6-2Growth Disorders
- Track 6-3Childhood Obesity
Obesity is a complex disorder to address which involves an excessive amount of body fat. Obesity is caused by many behaviors which may include dietary patterns, physical activity, inactivity, medication use, and other exposures. It results due to a combination of contributing and causing factors, which includes individual factors such as behaviour, genetics and less physical activity. It is associated with many metabolic disorders and can increase of diseases and health problems, such as heart disease, diabetes and high blood pressure
- Track 7-1Heart disease and stroke
- Track 7-2High blood pressure
- Track 7-3Diabetes
- Track 7-4Some cancers
- Track 7-5Gallbladder disease and gallstones
- Track 7-6Osteoarthritis
- Track 7-7Gout
- Track 7-8Breathing problems, such as sleep apnea
Diabetic Retinopathy is a complication of diabetes which consists of group of eye problems. People with diabetes have a risk for diabetic retinopathy, glaucoma and cataract. Diabetic retinopathy is the most common eye disease caused by diabetes and id the leading cause of blindness. It is caused in retina when change in blood vessels occurs. It can develop in anyone having type 1 or type 2 diabetes. The less controlled your blood sugar is and longer you have diabetes, the more likely you are to develop diabetic retinopathy
In few people having diabetic retinopathy, blood vessels can swell and leak fluid. In other people, abnormal new blood vessels may grow on the surface of the retina. A healthy retina is needed for good vision. A change in the vision is first noticed if you have diabetic retinopathy. But over time, it can get worse and can cause vision loss. Diabetic retinopathy usually affects both the eyes.
The symptoms can include:
Spots or dark strings floating in your vision (floaters)
Impaired color vision
Dark or empty areas in your vision
Diabetic nephropathy is a complication of diabetes which can progress to kidney failure in some cases. Treatment is aimed to prevent or delay the progression of the disease. Diabetes causes the small blood vessels in the body to get injured. When this injury occurs in kidneys, they cannot clean your blood properly. Body will retain more water and salt than it should, this can result in weight gain and ankle swelling.
Waste materials will build up in blood and urine may have protein. The protein that mostly leaks out from the damaged kidneys is albumin. In healthy kidneys only a little amount of albumin is found in the urine. An increased level of albumin in the urine is the first sign that the kidneys have become damaged by diabetes.
- Track 9-1Albuminuria
- Track 9-2Nutrition for Advanced Kidney Disease
- Track 9-3Kidneys and Bone Disease
- Track 9-4Kidney Transplants
- Track 9-5Anemia and Kidney Disease
- Track 9-6Erythropoietin-Renal Hormone
- Track 9-7Dialysis of Kidneys
- Track 9-8Blood Urea Nitrogen
Gestational diabetes is developed during pregnancy (gestation). Like other types of diabetes, gestational diabetes affects the usage of glucose by cells. High blood sugar can be caused by gestational diabetes and this can affect the pregnancy and the health of baby. Gestational diabetes can be controlled by women by eating healthy foods, exercising and taking medication if necessary. Controlling blood sugar can prevent a difficult birth and can keep both the mother and baby healthy. In gestational diabetes, blood sugar returns to normal soon after delivery. But a person having gestational diabetes can have a risk for type 2 diabetes.
- Track 10-1Excessive birth weight
- Track 10-2Early (preterm) birth and respiratory distress syndrome
- Track 10-3Low blood sugar (hypoglycemia)
- Track 10-4Type 2 diabetes
- Track 10-5High blood pressure and preeclampsia
Nutrition, diet and physical activity are important parts of a healthy lifestyle when you have diabetes. To manage your blood glucose, food, physical activity and diabetes medicine should be balanced. The type of food, quantity, time are all important in keeping the blood glucose level in the range.
A diabetes diet is based on eating three meals a day at regular timings. This helps a body to use the insulin in a better way till it produces or gets through a medication. The diet should include healthy carbohydrates, fiber-rich foods, heart-healthy fish, good fats. The foods which contain saturated fats, trans fats, cholesterol, sodium should be taken in minimal quantity.
- Track 11-1Weight-loss planning
- Track 11-2Meal plan methods
- Track 11-3Carbohydrate counting
- Track 11-4Medical nutrition therapy
- Track 11-5Medical nutrition therapy
- Track 11-6Mediterranean diet
Insulin resistance contributes to the pathophysiology of diabetes. It is a hallmark of obesity, metabolic syndrome and other cardiovascular diseases. Direct and indirect methods of varying complexity are currently employed for these purposes. Endocrine disorders involve the body’s over production or under production of certain hormones while the metabolic disorders affect the body’s ability to process certain nutrients and vitamins. Endocrine disorders include several diseases like hypothyroidism, congenital adrenal hyperplasia, diseases of the parathyroid gland, diabetes mellitus, diseases of the adrenal glands (including Cushing’s syndrome and Addison’s disease), and ovarian dysfunction among others. Examples of metabolic disorders include cystic fibrosis, phenylketonuria (PKU), hyperlipidemia, gout, and rickets.
- Track 12-1Computed tomography
- Track 12-2Magnetic resonance imaging
- Track 12-3Ultrasonography
- Track 12-4Positron emission tomography
- Track 12-5Single-photon emission computed tomography
Herbal supplements and remedies are used for the treatment of diabetes and hormonal problems such as estrogen and progesterone levels and treatment for menopausal hormone imbalance, etc. These include:
Capsaicin cream, a topical ointment made with cayenne, has been reported by some patients to help lower pain in the hands and feet from diabetic neuropathy.
Evening primrose oil is thought to help diabetic nerve pain
Ginkgo, garlic, holy basil leaves, fenugreek seeds, ginseng, and hawthorn are other herbals that have been promoted by some as remedies for diabetic symptoms.
Alternative treatments include Acupuncture, Natural Dietary Supplements, Plant Foods, Natural Remedies for endocrine disorders, Hormonal imbalance cure by medicinal plants, Effects of Herbals in Male impotence & female infertility, Herbals acts on adrenal glands, Support the Endocrine System with Adaptogen Herbs, Avoid Environmental Toxins
Diabetes is classified as type 1 diabetes mellitus and type 2 diabetes mellitus bases on etiology. The diagnosis is based on the measurement of A1C level, fasting or random blood glucose level, or oral glucose tolerance testing. Diabetes can be diagnosed if the patient has a fasting blood glucose level of 126 mg per dL (7.0 mmol per L) or greater on two separate occasions. The diagnosis of Type 2 diabetes include Glycated hemoglobin (A1C) test, Random blood sugar test, Fasting blood sugar test, Oral glucose tolerance test.
Diagnosis should be followed with treatment which includes healthy eating, regular exercise, diabetes medication or insulin therapy, blood sugar monitoring.
- Track 14-1Medication
- Track 14-2Nutrition and diet
- Track 14-3Lifestyle changes
- Track 14-4Glucose monitoring